Rio Vermelho is a neighborhood in the southern zone of Salvador, Bahia. It is located between the neighborhoods of Ondina and Amaralina, and south of Engenho Velho da Federação, Santa Cruz, and Nordeste de Amaralina. Rio Vermelho is noted for its beaches, notably Buracão, Mariquita, Santana, Paciência, and Sereia.
The name of the neighborhood comes from the Tupi language name "Camarajibe" or "River of the Camarás". Camarás (Lantana camara) are small red flowers which once grew in abundance in Salvador.
The neighborhood was home to the writer Jorge Amado and is currently home to musicians Gal Costa, Caetano Veloso, and Gilberto Gil has a home in the area too.
Rio Vermelho is a center of tourism and nightlife. There are many bars and restaurants in the area; it is a noted place to eat traditional Bahian cuisine, especially acarajé.