Schwerin (, Mecklenburgian Swerin, Latin Suerina) is the capital and second-largest city of the northern German state of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern. The population is 91,583 (as of December 31, 2013) and 98.000 as of July 2016. Schwerin was first mentioned in 1018 as Wendenburg and was granted city rights in 1160 by Henry the Lion, thus it is the oldest city of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern. It is known for its romantic Schwerin Palace, situated on an island in the Lake Schwerin. The palace was on of the main residences of the dukes and grand dukes of Mecklenburg until 1918 and is the official seat of the Landtag of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern since 1990. The city also has a largely intact old town, thanks to only minor damage in World War II. Schwerin is located within the metropolitan region of Hamburg and close to that of Berlin, and to nearby regiopolises of Rostock and Lübeck.