Udaipur, also known as the City Of Lakes, the Venice of the East or the Kashmir of Rajasthan, is a major city, municipal corporation and the administrative headquarters of the Udaipur district in the Indian state of Rajasthan. It is the historic capital of the kingdom of Mewar in the former Rajputana Agency. It was founded in 1553 by Maharana Udai Singh of the Sisodia clan of Rajput, when he shifted his capital from the city of Chittorgarh to Udaipur. It remained as the capital city till 1818 when it became a British princely state, and thereafter the Mewar province became a part of Rajasthan when India gained independence in 1947.
Udaipur is spread across an area of 37 km2, and stands as sixth largest city in Rajasthan by population, supporting a population of 451,735 (Metropolis) according to 2011 Census. Popular languages spoken include Hindi, English and Rajasthani (Mewari). Udaipur is a very popular tourist destination, and known for its history, culture, scenic locations and the Rajput-era palaces. It is popularly knows as City of Lakes because of its sophisticated lake system. Five of the major lakes, namely Fateh Sagar Lake, Pichola Lake, Swaroop Sagar Lake, Rangsagar and Doodh Talai Lake have been included under the restoration project of the National Lake Conservation Plan (NLCP) of the Government of India.