Bergamo is a city in Lombardy, northern Italy, about 40 km (25 mi) northeast of Milan, 30 km (19 mi) from the lakes Como and Iseo, 80 km from the lakes Garda and Maggiore. The foothills of the Bergamo Alps begin immediately north of the town. The historic core of the city (upper city) includes several monuments and museums, and the Venetian defensive systems are a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 9 July 2017.
Bergamo is the seat of the Province of Bergamo. With a population of around 120,000, Bergamo is the fourth-largest city in Lombardy. The metropolitan area of Bergamo extends beyond the administrative city limits, spanning over a densely urbanized area with slightly less than 500,000 inhabitants.
Bergamo is well connected to several cities in Europe and the Mediterranean through Il Caravaggio International Airport, the third-busiest airport in Italy with 10.5 million passengers in 2015, and the motorway A4 stretching on the axis between Milan, Verona, Venice, Turin and Trieste.