Fuchū is a city located in Tokyo Metropolis, in the central Kantō region of Japan. As of 1 February 2016, the city had an estimated population of 260,895 and a population density of 8860 persons per km². Its total area was 29.43 square kilometres (11.36 sq mi).
The government of ancient Musashi Province was established in Fuchū by the Taika Reform, and the city prospered as the local center of politics, economy, and culture. It prospered as a post town on the Kōshū Kaidō in the Edo period, and the Kita Tama District public office was placed here after the start of the Meiji era.