Panay Island, is the sixth largest and fourth most populous island in the Philippines. with a total land area of 12,011 km2 (4,637 sq mi) and with a total population of 4,477,247. Iloilo City, is the largest city on the island, with a total population of 447,992. It is a triangular island, located in the western part of the Visayas. It is about 160 kilometres (100 mi) across, it is divided into four provinces: Aklan, Antique, Capiz and Iloilo, all in the Western Visayas Region. It is located southeast of the island of Mindoro and northwest of Negros, separated by the Guimaras Strait. Between Panay and Negros lie the island-province of Guimaras. To the north and northeast is the Sibuyan Sea and the islands of Romblon; to the west and southwest is the Sulu Sea and to the south is Panay Gulf. It is the only island in Visayas whose provinces don't have the name of the island, instead a municipality has the name of the island.
The island, bisected by the Central Panay Mountain Range, the longest mountain range on the island, it has many rivers including Panay River, Jalaur River, Aklan River, Sibalom River, Tigum River, Iloilo River, Kangaranan River, Dalanas River, Paliwan River, Tibiao River, Kairawan River and Ibajay River. Panay River, is the longest river in the island. Mount Madja-as in Antique, is the second highest peak on the island with an elevation of 2,117 m (6,946 ft) above sea level. Mount Nangtud, is the highest mountain in Panay, standing at 2,205 m (7,234 ft) above sea level, Located on the border of Barbaza, Antique and Jamindan, Capiz.