Quezon City is the most populous city in the Philippines. It was founded by and named after Manuel L. Quezon, the 2nd President of the Philippines to replace Manila as the national capital. The city eventually became the capital of the Philippines from 1948-1976.
It is the largest city in terms of population and land area in Metro Manila, the National Capital Region of the Philippines. Quezon City is not located in and should not be confused with Quezon Province, which was also named after the president. It is the largest city in Metro Manila in terms of land area.
Quezon City is the site of many government offices, the most important of which are the Batasang Pambansa Complex – the seat of the House of Representatives (the lower chamber of the Philippine Congress), and the Quezon City Reception House – the current seat of the Vice President of the Philippines. Quezon City also hosts the University of the Philippines Diliman–the national university–and Ateneo de Manila University.
The Quezon Memorial Circle is a national park and shrine located in Quezon City. The park is an ellipse bounded by the Elliptical Road. Its main feature is a mausoleum containing the remains of Manuel L. Quezon, the second President of the Philippines, and his wife, First Lady Aurora Quezon.