Oudtshoorn, the "ostrich capital of the world", is a town in the Western Cape province of South Africa, located to the south of the Outeniqua Mountains. Two ostrich-feather booms, during 1865-1870 and 1900-1914, truly established the settlement. With approximately 60,000 inhabitants, it is the largest town in the Little Karoo region. The town's economy is primarily reliant on the ostrich farming and tourism industries. Oudtshoorn is home to the world's largest ostrich population, with a number of specialized ostrich breeding farms, such as the Safari Show Farm and the Highgate Ostrich Show Farm.
Bongelethu is a township 10 km east of Oudtshoorn. Derived from Xhosa, its name means "our pride".